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[XML][近期热点] RELAX NG打败了 XML Schema? -- 作者:admin 


[近期热点] RELAX NG打败了 XML Schema?

最近关于 RELAX NG 是否已经打败了 XML Schema,赢得schema标准之争的胜利 成为XML和Web标准界热烈议论的话题。 RELAX NG vs XML Schema由来之争,而XML Schema的种种不是也早已为圈内人士所熟知。 此次争论源于Elliotte Rusty Harold 在其Blog上发表的文章RELAX Wins,这位Effective XML: 50 Specific Ways to Improve Your XML和XML in a nutshell (3rd edition)的作者在该文中宣告“RELAX赢了!”。 这篇文章发表于11月26日,争论由此开始! 次日,XML界大牛,XML标准起草人Tim Bray发表文章Choose RELAX Now,认可了“RELAX赢了”的说法。 28日,XML.COM专栏作家Bob DuCharme就上述二人的文章做出评论: http://www.snee.com/bobdc.blog/2006/11/schema_language_victory_and_ow.html 同样在28日,Software AG的Michael Champion把这个话题引到了xml-dev上(http://lists.xml.org/archives/xml-dev/200611/msg00187.html),到今天为止已经有50几个回复。 当然,参与回复的人远远不止上面提到的几位,可以通过上面的链接获取更多相关评论。




[Security]什么叫强认证(strong authentication)?

今天看到flyfox站友提问什么是强认证技术,正好在这里解释一下。 所谓“强认证(strong authentication)”,指的是(呵呵当然咯,肯定不是上面提到的这个用户名/密码认证,不然怎么区别出“强”这个字啊)从多个方面进行认证(而不是仅靠一旦泄露或被猜中便完蛋的密码认证):比如(1)某种形式的用户名/密码(2)某中不可伪造的东西,比如加密U盘,数字令牌等等(3)能够起到区分个体作用的身体特征,比如虹膜,指纹之类的。



[Semantic Web][收藏]Google exec challenges Berners-Lee -- 作者:admin

本文转载自W3CHINA.ORG讨论区(BBS.W3CHINA.ORG)   原文链接
作者:admin
以下为原文:

Google exec challenges Berners-Lee

Google exec challenges Berners-Lee By Candace Lombardi http://news.com.com/Google+exec+challenges+Berners-Lee/2100-1025_3-6095705.html Story last modified Wed Jul 19 05:03:02 PDT 2006 A Google executive challenged Internet pioneer Tim Berners-Lee on his ideas for a Semantic Web during a conference in Boston on artificial intelligence. On Tuesday, Berners-Lee, the father of the Web and the current director of the World Wide Web Consortium, gave the keynote on artificial intelligence and the Semantic Web at a conference sponsored by the American Association for Artificial Intelligence (AAAI). He said the next stage of the Web is about making data accessible for artificial intelligence to locate and analyze. A Semantic Web, a Web with linked data easily readable by machines, would make available more knowledge for reuse in serendipitous



[Semantic Web]About microformats

转载自: http://microformats.org/about/

Designed for humans first and machines second, microformats are a set of simple, open data formats built upon existing and widely adopted standards. Instead of throwing away what works today, microformats intend to solve simpler problems first by adapting to current behaviors and usage patterns (e.g. XHTML, blogging). RelTag


[Ontology]Taxonomy: categories and classification schemes

转载自: http://drupal.org/handbook/modules/taxonomy

Taxonomy: categories and classification schemes Drupal 4.7 The taxonomy module is one of the most popular features because users often want to create categories to organize content by type. Users also use categories to help in site navigation. The taxonomy module can automatically classify new content, which is very useful for organizing content on-the-fly. A simple example would be organizing a list of music reviews by musical genre. Taxonomy is also the study of classification. The taxonomy module allows you to define vocabularies (sets of categories) which are used to classify content. The module supports hierarchical classification and association between terms, allowing for truly flexible information retrieval and classification. The taxonomy module allows multiple lists of categories for classification (controlled vocabularies) and offers the possibility of creating thesauri (controlled vocabularies that indicate the relationship of terms) and taxonomies (controlled vocabularies where relationships are indicated hierarchically).



[Ontology]Top-Level Categories for the ACM Taxonomy

转载自: http://www.computer.org/portal/site/ieeecs/menuitem.c5efb9b8ade9096b8a9ca0108bcd45f3/index.jsp?&pName=ieeecs_level1&path=ieeecs/publications/author&file=ACMtaxonomy.xml&xsl=generic.xsl&

Top-Level Categories for the ACM Taxonomy   General Literature Hardware Computer Systems Organization Software/Software Engineering Data Theory of Computation Mathematics of Computing Information Technology and Systems Computing Methodologies Computer Applications Computing Milieux Detailed taxonomy structure General Literature General Biographies/Autobiographies Conference Proceedings General Literary Works Introductory and Survey Reference Miscellaneous Hardware General Control Structures and Microprogramming General Control Design Styles



[Semantic Web]Kowari

转载自: http://www.dbopen.org/html/WebApp/2587.html

Kowari是一个基于Java的,非SQL数据库,用于存储RDF文档,提供了一个轻型的,可扩展的,事务安全的环境。http://sourceforge.net/projects/kowari/  Kowari is a Java based, non-SQL database for the storage of RDF providing a lightweight, highly scalable, transaction-safe environment. 目标用户:Developers 开源协议:Mozilla Public License 1.1 (MPL 1.1) 操作系统: OS Independent (Written in an interpreted language) 编程语言:Java   主题:Database Engines/Servers), Indexing/Search 支持语种: English 用户接口:Web-based



[Semantic Web]Lucene + Semantic Web?

转载自: http://www.xml.com/pub/a/2004/05/26/www2004.html

Java: the Semantic Web Language of Choice Many of the Semantic Web applications demonstrated during the conference are written in Java, as is much of the publicly available code for working with the Semantic Web. While this may alienate some developers, it also demonstrates a commitment on the part of the presenters to create re-usable code, and this approach has paid off in tools like Kowari, which simply grafts the Jena API on top of its triple store, allowing existing Jena users to migrate with a minimum of pain. It may also indicate the desire of many developers to see the Semantic Web take root in the enterprise, where Java is an acceptable development tool. Related Reading



[翻译技巧]Paradigm Shift是什么,以及它的译法

http://www.taketheleap.com/define.html WHAT IS A PARADIGM SHIFT? In 1962, Thomas Kuhn wrote The Structure of Scientific Revolution, and fathered, defined and popularized the concept of "paradigm shift" (p.10). Kuhn argues that scientific advancement is not evolutionary, but rather is a "series of peaceful interludes punctuated by intellectually violent revolutions", and in those revolutions "one conceptual world view is replaced by another". Think of a Paradigm Shift as a change from one way of thinking to another. It's a revolution, a transformation, a sort of metamorphosis. It just does not happen, but rather it is driven by agents of change. For example, agriculture changed early primitive society. The primitive Indians existed for centuries roaming the earth constantly hunting and gathering for seasonal foods and water. However, by 2000 B.C., Middle America was a landscape of very small villages, each surrounded by patchy fields of corn and other vegetables. Agents of change helped create a paradigm-shift moving



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