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[English]联合国秘书长潘基文国际寡妇日致辞
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/25 7:12:08

联合国秘书长潘基文国际寡妇日致辞
2011年6月23日 This first International Widows' Day is an occasion to call attention to the many "firsts" that women must face when their husbands die. In addition to coping with grief, they may find themselves for the first time since marriage without any social safety net. Far too often, widows lack access to inheritance, land tenure, employment and even the means to survive.
今年是第一次开展国际寡妇日活动,在这个日子里,我们呼吁人们关注妇女在丈夫死亡后必须“第一次”面对的许多问题。妇女不仅陷入悲痛,而且还可能在结婚后第一次发现她们没有任何社会安全网。寡妇往往不能继承财产,没有土地保有权,不能就业,甚至没有生存的手段。 In places where a widow's status is linked to her husband, she may find herself suddenly shunned and isolated. Marriage – whether she desires it or not – may be the only way for a widow to regain her footing in society.
在寡妇的地位与丈夫紧密相联的地方,寡妇可能发现人们突然躲避她,她陷入孤立无援的境地。无论寡妇是否愿意,结婚可能是她在社会重新立脚的唯一途径。 Of the approximately 245 million widows in our world, more than 115 live in extreme poverty. In countries embroiled in conflicts, women are often widowed young and must bear the heavy burden of caring for their children amid fighting and displacement with no help or support.
全世界约有2.45亿寡妇,其中超过1.15亿人生活极端贫困。在冲突不断的国家,妇女往往年轻就守寡,不得不在战火中和颠沛流离的生活中肩负起照顾子女的重担,她们得不到任何帮助或支持。 Some of these widows are teenagers – or even younger. The death of their husbands can leave a terrible legacy these widows must endure throughout their remaining years.
一些寡妇仍然是少女,有的甚至更年轻。丈夫死亡后,给寡妇们留下的可能是终身噩梦。 All widows should be protected by the rights enshrined in

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[计算机应用][收藏]关于“上网”还有哪些说法
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/24 20:45:43

本文转载自W3CHINA.ORG讨论区(BBS.W3CHINA.ORG)   原文链接
以下为原文:

关于“上网”还有哪些说法:
1. A: What're you doing? 你在干什么?
B: I'm on the Internet. 我在上网。 这里要注意介词用的是on,而不是in。I'm in the Internet. (×)
要把自己当成在因特网上爬的网虫,所以上网是on the Internet。 2. How can I get the details about the exhibition? 我如何才能获得那个展览的具体消息?
You can find the information on the Internet. 你可以从网上得到相关信息。 还是那句话,在网上爬的网虫,用的是on。 3. Can I surf the Internet in your hotel? 你们宾馆能上网吗?
Yes, in our hotel all rooms have access to the Internet. 可以的,我们每一间房间都能连接到因特网。 连接网络的英文是access to the Internet,注意不要漏了the。 4. Where can I buy the book Pride and Prejudice? 我在哪里能买到《傲慢与偏见》?
You can buy the book over the Internet. 你可以通过网络买到这本书。 在网上买东西用的是over the Internet哦,千万不要用in the Internet。 看了这么多句子不知道大家发现了没有?英特网的Internet是以大写开头的,并且和the连用,而the Internet可以缩写成Net。 <完>
参与讨论本主题


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[English]What I Have Lived For
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/23 8:01:04

What I Have Lived For   Three passions, simple but overwhelmingly strong, have governed my life: the longing for love, the search for knowledge, and unbearable pity for the suffering of mankind. These passions, like great winds, have blown me hither and thither, in a wayward course, over a deep ocean of anguish, reaching to the very verge of despair.   I have sought love, first, because it brings ecstasy---ecstasy so great that I would often have sacrificed all the rest of my life for a few hours for this joy. I have sought it, next, because it relieves loneliness---that terrible loneliness in which one shivering consciousness looks over t
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[修身养性]记住"幸福课"的要点
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/23 7:57:38

记住"幸福课"的要点,本-沙哈尔还为学生简化出10 条小贴士:   1.遵从你内心的热情。选择对你有意义并且能让你快乐的课,不要只是为了轻松地拿一个A 而选课,或选你朋友上的课,或是别人认为你应该上的课。   2.多和朋友们在一起。不要被日常工作缠身,亲密的人际关系,是你幸福感的信号,最有可能为你带来幸福。   3.学会失败。成功没有捷径,历史上有成就的人,总是敢于行动,也会经常失败。不要让对失败的恐惧,绊住你尝试新事物的脚步。   4.接受自己全然为人。失望、烦乱、悲伤是人性的一部分。接纳这些,并把它们当成自然之事,允许自己偶尔的失落和伤感。然后问问自己,能做些什么来让自己感觉好过一点。   5.简化生活。更多并不总代表更好,好事多了,也不一定有利。你选了太多的课吗?参加了太多的活动吗?应求精而不在多。   6.有规律地锻炼。体育运动是你生活中最重要的事情之一。每周只要3 次,每次只要30 分钟,就能大大改善你的身心健康。   7.睡眠。虽然有时"熬通宵"是不可避免的,但每天7 到9 小时的睡眠是一笔非常棒的投资。这样,在醒着的时候,你会更有效率、更有创造力,也会更开心。   8.慷慨。现在,你的钱包里可能没有太多钱,你也没有太多时间。但这并不意味着你无法助人。"给予"和"接受"是一件事的两个面。当我们帮助别人时,我们也在帮助自己;当我们帮助自己时,也是在间接地帮助他人。   9.勇敢。勇气并不是不恐惧,而是心怀恐惧,仍依然向前。   10.表达感激。生活中,不要把你的家人、朋友、健康、教育等这一切当成理所当然的。它们都是你回味无穷的礼物。记录他人的点滴恩惠,始终保持感恩之心。每天或至少每周一次,请你把它们记下来。
 

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[English]生命太短,等不得
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/23 7:47:34

生命太短,等不得 1、Sometimes you have to be your own hero.
有时候必须自己做自己的英雄。 2、Everybody has problems. Everybody has bad times. Do we sacrifice all the good times because of them?
每个人都会有问题,每个人都会有糟糕时刻。但要把所有美好时光,牺牲在纠结这些问题上嘛? 3、He that can't endure the bad, will not live to see the good.
忍不了痛苦,就见不到幸福。 4、In love folly is always sweet.
恋爱中,干傻事总是让人感到十分美妙。 5、If we pass by in this crowd city one day, I'll stop and stare at the leaving figure and tell myself that I have loved that person.
如果有一天,在喧闹的城市里,我们擦肩而过,我会停住脚步,凝视着那远去的背影,告诉自己那个人我曾经爱过。 6、Imperfection is beauty. Madness is genius. And it's better to be absolutely ridiculous than absolutely boring.
有瑕疵的却是美的。看似疯狂却是天才。宁愿变得彻底荒诞,也不接受彻底无聊。 7、How long is a minute? That depends on whether you're sitting on the toilet, or waiting outside the bathroom!
一分钟有多长?那要看你是蹲在厕所里面还是等在厕所外面。 8、It is not flesh and blood but the heart which makes us fathers and sons.
父子不仅血肉至亲,更是灵魂相依。 9、If you are not able to love freely, it is not real love.
如果你不能自由地爱,那并不是真爱。 10、Appreciate what you have: the people, the opportunities and the material possessions.
珍视你所拥有的一切:人、机遇以及物质财富。 11、George Bernard Shaw: A life spent making mistakes is not only more honorable, but more useful than a life spent doing nothing.
萧伯纳:一个尝试错误的人生,不但比无所事事的人生更荣耀,并且更有意义。 12、Things are always working out when you at least expected it.
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[English]Ambition
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/22 15:43:59

Ambition   It is not difficult to imagine a world short of ambition. It would probably be a kinder world: with out demands, without abrasions, without disappointments. People would have time for reflection. Such work as they did would not be for themselves but for the collectivity. Competition would never enter in. conflict would be eliminated, tension become a thing of the past. The stress of creation would be at an end. Art would no longer be troubling, but purely celebratory in its functions. Longevity would be increased, for fewer people would die of heart attack or stroke caused by tumultuous endeavor. Anxiety would be extinct. Time would stretch on and on, with ambition long departed from the human heart.  

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[English]如果我休息,我就会生锈
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/22 7:18:34

The significant inscription found on an old key---“If I rest, I rust”---would be an excellent motto for those who are afflicted with the slightest bit of idleness. Even the most industrious person might adopt it with advantage to serve as a reminder that, if one allows his faculties to rest, like the iron in the unused key, they will soon show signs of rust and, ultimately, cannot do the work required of them.   Those who would attain the heights reached and kept by great men must keep their faculties polished by constant use, so that they may unlock the doors of knowledge, the gate that guard the entrances to the professions, to science, art, literature, agriculture---every department of human endeavor.  
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[English]以书为伴
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/20 6:18:26

A man may usually be known by the books he reads as well as by the company he keeps; for there is a companionship of books as well as of men; and one should always live in the best company, whether it be of books or of men.   A good book may be among the best of friends. It is the same today that it always was, and it will never change. It is the most patient and cheerful of companions. It does not turn its back upon us in times of adversity or distress. It always receives us with the same kindness; amusing and instructing us in youth, and comforting and consoling us in age.   Men often discover their affinity to each other by the mutual l
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[小知识]优雅出席宴会:让菜不夹菜,助酒不劝酒
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/18 5:02:00

优雅出席宴会:让菜不夹菜,助酒不劝酒      席位安排
    中餐宴会安排席位时,首先确定主人位。主人位置一般面朝宴会厅的出入口,可纵观全局,也可安排在宴会厅重点装饰的前面,让客人一进宴会厅就可看见主人。副主人安排在正主人的对面,一般背向出入口面朝主人,方便主人安排副主人具体事宜。主宾安排在主人的右侧,方便主人照顾主宾。副主宾安排在副主人的右侧,方便副主人照顾副主宾。如果主宾偕夫人出席,可把主宾夫人安排在主宾的边上,也可把主宾夫人安排在主人夫人右侧的位置,除此之外也需要把身份地位相近的客人安排在一起,方便交流。主宾和副主宾右侧可安排翻译入席,方便翻译向主宾和副主宾翻译。其他位置可安排陪同。     遵守时间
    我们在参加宴会时,一般请柬上都有注明"请××月××日××点准时入席",那你自然要依时赴宴。如果你确实有事不能按时到达,需要事先向宴会主办人说明,以免宴会主办人为难。等吧,还有很多其他客人,大家需要一起等,开餐吧,又担心不礼貌。因此,参加正式宴会,切记不要迟到。但是参加宴会时也不可太着急,如果你很早就到了,宴会主办人还在忙着协助服务员整理会场呢,这时主人要是照顾你吧,没有时间,要是不照顾你吧,又不太礼貌,无形中反倒给主人增添了麻烦。因此在参加宴会时你最好也不要早到很长时间,也不要迟到。万一你在参加宴会时迟到了,那么在你坐下之前,一定要先向所有的人微笑着打招呼,同时还要说声抱歉,特别是对宴会主办人。另外,除非有特别紧急的事情,一般不要提前离席。     进餐礼仪     入座礼仪
    无论你作为主办人还是赴宴人员,就座时一律由椅子左边入座,男士还应协助女士入座。若有服务人员帮女士入座,男士仍须等女士入座后才就座。     小口吃菜
    你在宴会就餐时,一定不要非常大口地吃菜或大筷子地往自己餐盘中夹菜。因为:第一,当你大口吃菜时,可能会遇到你不太喜欢的口味或原料,也可能菜肴很烫,这时你要是吐出来吧十分不礼貌,不吐出来吧,自己又十分难受,所以就餐时特别是吃新菜时一定要小口地吃;第二,当你大筷子往自己餐盘中夹菜时,会给别人一种很贪婪的感觉,特别是遇到高档菜时更不能这样,这对你的形象会有很大的影响。     让菜不夹菜
    你可以热情地向客人介绍菜肴,建议他尝一尝;你也可以用公用餐具为客人夹些菜肴,但是要注意分量不要太大,以免客人吃不完而觉得不好意思。但千万不能用自己的食具为客人夹菜,客人不吃你夹的菜吧,面子上过不去,吃了吧,又担心不卫生。     宴会结束时
    参与宴会的客人需对宴会主办人表示真诚的感谢,感谢主人的热情款待,千万不能吃完饭一抹嘴就走人。有时参加宴会时,宴会的主办人会为每位出席者备有小纪念品,宴会结束时,主人招呼客人带上纪念物,遇此情况可说上一两句赞扬小礼品的话,但不必郑重表示
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[English]我们该珍惜什么?
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/16 10:24:55

All of us have read thrilling stories in which the hero had only a limited and specified time to live. Sometimes it was as long as a year, sometimes as short as 24 hours. But always we were interested in discovering just how the doomed hero chose to spend his last days or his last hours. I speak, of course, of free men who have a choice, not condemned criminals whose sphere of activities is strictly delimited.   Such stories set us thinking, wondering what we should do under similar circumstances. What events, what experiences, what associations should we crowd into those last hours as mortal beings? What happiness should we find in reviewing the past, what regrets?   
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[修身养性]人生十淡
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/14 13:28:43

人生十淡:
淡名:有则珍惜无不强求。 淡利:金钱乃身外之物,适度就好。 淡誉:公道自在人心。 淡辱:荣辱常常与共。 淡得:得不狂喜,心之怡然。 淡失:塞翁失马焉知非福。 淡友:君子之交淡如水。 淡饮:嗜酒伤身。 淡食:脂肪多为百病之源。 淡定:心态决定并改变命运。
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[小知识]人格魅力
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/14 8:20:09

人格魅力   人格是指人的性格、气质、能力等特征的总和,也指个人的道德品质和人的能作为权力、义务的主体的资格。而人格魅力则指一个人在性格、气质、能力、道德品质等方面具有的很能吸引人的力量。在今天的社会里一个人能受到别人的欢迎、容纳,他实际上就具备了一定的人格   人格魅力的性格特征表现在如下方面:   第一,在对待现实的态度或处理社会关系上,表现为对他人和对集体的真诚热情、友善、富于同情心,乐于助人和交往,关心和积极参加集体活动;对待自己严格要求,有进取精神,自励而不自大,自谦而不自卑;对待学习、工作和事业,表现得勤奋认真。   第二,在理智上,表现为感知敏锐,具有丰富的想像能力,在思维上有较强的逻辑性,尤其是富有创新意识和创造能力。   第三,在情绪上,表现为善于控制和支配自己的情绪,保持乐观开朗,振奋豁达的心境,情绪稳定而平衡,与人相处时能给人带来欢乐的笑声,令人精神舒畅。   第四,在意志上,表现出目标明确,行为自觉,善于自制,勇敢果断,坚韧不拔,积极主动等一系列积极品质。   具有上述这些良好性格特征的人,往往是在群体中受欢迎和受倾慕的人,或可称为 "人缘型"的人

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[English]The Language of Music
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/12 21:47:32

The Language of Music
音乐语言

A painter hangs his or her finished pictures on a wall, and everyone can see it. A composer writes a work, but no one can hear it until it is performed. Professional singers and players have great responsibilities, for the composer is utterly dependent on them.
画家将其已完成的作品挂在墙上,每个人都可以观赏到。作曲家写完了一部作品,但是要由演奏者将其演奏出来,其他人才能欣赏到。因为作曲家是如此完全地依赖于职业演唱者和职业演奏者,所以职业演唱者和职业演奏者肩上的担子可不轻。

A student of music needs as long and as arduous a training to become a performer as a medical student needs to become a doctor. Most training is concerned with technique, for musicians have to have the muscular proficiency of an athlete or a ballet dancer.
一名学音乐的学生要想成为一名演奏者,需要经受长期的、艰巨的训练,就象一名医科的学生要成为一名医生经受的一样。绝大多数的训练是有关技巧性的,因为音乐家们必须使肌肉的熟练程度达到与运动员或芭蕾舞演员相当的水平。

Singers practice breathing every day, as their vocal chords would be inadequate without controlled muscular support. String players practice moving the fingers of the left hand up and down, while drawing the bow to and fro with the right arm—two entirely different movements.
歌手们每天都练习吊嗓子,因为如果不能有效地控制肌肉的话,他们的发声将不能满足演唱的要求。弦乐器的演奏者则要练习在左手的手指上下滑动的同时,用右手前后拉动琴弓——两个截然不同的动作。

Singers and instruments have to be able to get every note perfectly in tune. Pianists are spared this particular anxiety, for the notes are already there, waiting for them, a
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[计算机应用][收藏]你知道“潜水”咋说么?
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/11 10:20:04

本文转载自W3CHINA.ORG讨论区(BBS.W3CHINA.ORG)   原文链接

你知道“潜水”咋说么?
随着网络普及程度越来越高,众多新兴的网络用语也频繁出现在我们的生活中。也许你早已不是“菜鸟”,“发帖”“水帖”杠杠滴,正逐渐迈入“网虫”行列。但如果要问你这些平常张口就来的词汇英语怎么说?就傻眼了不是? 菜鸟:newbie,也拼作noobie或nube,甚至n00b,但后三个都带有贬义 网上“冲浪”:surf,借用了水上体育项目的名称 网虫:net addict,注意,这里的“虫”当然不能译为bug,但如果译为"fan",也不恰当。因为fan只是指迷恋上某事物或某人,而自己并不参与的人,如“足球迷”football fan,现在流行的“粉丝”一词就是fans的音译,颇具幽默色彩。 大虾:中文其实是“大侠”的谐音,英语叫knowbie。现在和newbie一起成了英语中的常用词,也用于指其他方面的高手和新手 行家:geek,此词和nerd一样,原来有贬义,现在十分流行,有“怪才”之意。新近出现的同义词还有dork和dweeb 网络大侠:net saint 论坛:forum。论坛的总“管理员”为administrator, 简称admin。大的论坛下通常有许多“版块”(board),论坛的“版主”(戏称“斑竹”)叫moderator,简称mod。 帖子:post,回帖即reply。 潜水(即“只看不发”):lurk,“潜水员”则是lurker。 顶(帖):bump或bump up。 垃圾邮件、信息:spam。 此外,有人喋喋不休发表大篇文章被称为blather,“重发(帖)是spew,“交叉重发”是cross-post,发恶意帖子进行“挑衅“是troll。而在网上开展“口水战”的人通常被认为是“网络多事分子”(net weenies)。

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[English]青春感悟
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/10 17:31:09

青春感悟 Youth is not a time of life; it is a state of mind; it is not a matter of rosy cheeks, red lips and supple knees; it is a matter of the will, a quality of the imagination, a vigor of the emotions; it is the freshness of the deep springs of life.

Youth means a temperamental predominance of courage over timidity, of the appetite for adventure over the love of ease. This often exists in a man of 60 more than a boy of 20. Nobody grows old merely by a number of years. We grow old by deserting our ideals.

Years may wrinkle the skin, but to give up enthusiasm wrinkles the soul. Worry, fear, self-distrust bows the heart and turns the spirit back to dust.

Whether 60 or 16, there is in every human being's heart the lure of wonders, the unfailing appetite for what's next and the joy of the game of living. In the center of your heart and my heart, there is a wireless station; so long as it receives messages of beauty, hope, courage and power from man and from the infinite, so long as you are young.

When your aerials are down, and your spirit is covered with snows of cynicism and the ice of pessimism, then you've grown old, even at 20; but as long as your aerials are up, to catch waves of optimism, there's hope you may die young at 80.

      青春不是年华,而是心境;青春不是桃面、丹唇、柔膝,而是深沉的意志、宏伟的想象、炽热的感情;青春是生命的深泉在涌流。

  青春气贯长虹,勇锐盖过怯弱,进去压倒苟安,如此锐气,二十后生有之,六旬男子则更多见。年年有加,并非垂老;理想丢弃,方堕暮年。

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[English]常用俚语之20句
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/9 6:00:47

常用俚语之20句     以下是实际生活中以及电影中经常出现的实用俚语,如果同学能够在雅思口语使用这样的俚语你的语言就会更加地道,更加美丽。同时也是很精彩的亮分点。
1. Be in the air 将要发生的事情
The feeling or idea that something new is about to happen or is going to change.
Example: From the arguments going on at the meeting, it seems that a change in policy is in the air.
2. Clear the air 消除误会
To settle a dispute and restore good relations
Example: We had a meeting with the workers, and I think we’ve cleared the air now.
3. Cost an arm and a leg 极其昂贵
To be very expensive
Example: I love that fur coat. However, I don’t think I’m going to buy it because it costs an arm and a leg.
4. A bad egg 缺乏道德的人
Somebody who has no moral principles and should be avoided
Example: You mustn’t lend Tim money, he’s a bad egg. You’ll never see him or your money again!
5. In the Bag 稳锻炼身体胜券
Said of an achievement which is secure
Example: We have the deal in the bag. The client came in this morning to sign the agreement.
6. In the balance 未知的,不可预测的
Said when the outcome of a situation is unknown or unpredictable
Example: His career as a pilot is in the balance, as his eyesight does not seem good enough.
7. Drive a hard bargain 极力讨价还价
To have the negotiating strength and skills to get the most advantageous price and conditions
Example: Amanda is negotiating the best price from the suppliers. She drives a hard bargain.
8.Ring a bell 看上去或听起来非常熟悉
T
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[English]上帝会来救我
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/7 7:04:52

上帝会来救我 In a small village, under a very large storm, floods submerged the whole village began, a priest in the church to pray and watch the flood he has a knee knees.Lifeguard driving a sampan came to church with the priest said: "Father, come as soon as possible on! Otherwise you will drown in the flood!" The priest said: "No!I am confident that God will save me, you go Well to save others."
在某个小村落,下了一场非常大的雨,洪水开始淹没全村,一位神父在教堂里祈祷,眼看洪水已经淹到他跪着的膝盖了。一个救生员驾着舢板来到教堂,跟神父说:“神父,赶快上来吧!不然洪水会把你淹死的!”神父说:“不!我深信上帝会来救我的,你先去救别人好了。” But soon enough, the floods have Father's chest, the priest stood on the altar of choice.At this time, and a police speedboat drove over with the priest said: "Father, fast up, otherwise you really will be drowned!" The priest said: "No, I would like to keep my church, I believe that God must will save me. You'd better start to save others."
过了不久,洪水已经淹过神父的胸口了,神父只好勉强站在祭坛上。这时,又有一个警察开着快艇过来,跟神父说:“神父,快上来,不然你真的会被淹死的!”神父 说:“不,我要守住我的教堂,我相信上帝一定会来救我的。你还是先去救别人好了。”又过了一会,洪水已经把整个教堂淹没了,神父只好紧紧抓住教堂顶端的十 字架。 And after a while, floods have submerged entire church, the priest had no choice but to firmly grasp the top of the Cross Church.A helicopter flying over slowly, after the pilot dropped a rope ladder shouting: "Father, fast up, this is the last chance, we do not want to see you can be drowned by the flood!" Father or strong willed said: "No, I would like to keep my church!God will save me.you or someone else to save it.God will be with me were in th
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[小知识]这些字你都认识吗?
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/5 4:05:05

这些字你都认识吗? 囧jiǒng; 槑méi; 玊sù; 天明:奣wěng; 水人:氼 nì; 王八:兲 tiān; 好心:恏 hào; 开火:烎 yín; 强力:勥 jiàng; 功夫:巭 pu或bu; 二心:忈 rén; 火化:炛 guāng; 只要:嘦 jiào; 不要:嫑 biáo。

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[English]英语里对于“乱七八糟”的各种表达。
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/3 2:09:44

英语里对于“乱七八糟”的各种表达 1. The apartment is in a mess after the party.
聚会完了以后,整个房子一片狼藉。 2. He left his room all topsy-turvy.
他把他的房间弄得乱七八糟。 3. This kitchen is such a wreck, I think I need to clean up.
厨房里乱七八糟的,我得打扫一下了。 4. Everything is at sixes and sevens in the house.
家里现在乱七八糟。 5. This place is turning into a jungle already.
这个地方已变得乱七八糟。 6. The children messed up the house when their mother was glued to the TV.
妈妈专心看电视的时候,孩子们把家里搞得乱七八糟。 7. The room is in dreadful disorder (out of order).
房间里乱七八糟。 8. The papers are all in a muddle.
文件全都乱七八糟的。
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[美食与健康]做油炸食物的技巧
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/3 1:38:20

做油炸食物的技巧       一、清炸 将生原料用酱油、盐、酒拌渍,入热油锅用旺火炸透。一般不挂糊,炸成后外酥内嫩。
    二、干炸 将生原料经过调料拌渍后,去水份,拌干团粉,炸焦。可使原料外酥脆,颜色焦黄。
    清炸、干炸都必须根据原料的老嫩等性质,掌握好油温及火候,通常对嫩的、形状小的如条、块、片等原料,应在油沸时下锅,炸的时间要短,约八成熟即出锅,然后待油沸后再放入一炸捞出。对形状较大的整料,要在油热到七、八成时下锅,在锅内多停留一些时间,或问隔地炸几次,有时也可把锅端离炉火数次,以烹制成外香脆、内酥嫩的菜肴,清炸和干炸的原料一般是炸成后即戍菜肴,食时另配调味品蘸淋。     三、酥炸 将原料蒸煮熟烂,在外面挂上蛋清、团粉糊,再下锅炸(也有不挂糊的,一般挂糊的大都是拆骨原料,不挂糊的大都是不拆骨的原料)。操作时,在油沸后将原料下锅,直炸到外层深黄色发酥为止。酥炸的特点是外酥里烂、松脆异常。     四、软炸 用形状小的块、薄片、长方条之类的原料挂糊后,在锅内油烧六成沸时下锅,油的温度太高会外焦内生,温度太低会脱浆,炸时应将原料分散锅中,不使粘连,炸到外表发硬约八、丸成熟时捞出,然后将锅内油烧沸再放入,一炸即好。这种炸法时间短,其特点是外层酥脆,内香嫩。     五、纸包炸 纸包炸多数是用鲜嫩、无骨的净料,加工成片形或丁形,用蛋清调好加入配料和调味品后,用糯米纸或玻璃纸包起来,投入油中去炸,这种炸法的特点是能保持原汁,使原料特别鲜嫩。操作时应用旺火,在冷油或油至四、五成热时放人原料,待油沸,纸包浮起呈金黄色即成。     六、脆炸 将带皮的原料(一般是整只鸡、鸭之类),先用沸水略烫取出,使外皮收缩绷紧。并在表面上抹上饴糖,吹干后放入旺火热油锅内,不断翻动,并将热油灌人腹内,待全身炸至淡黄色时,再将油锅端高人口,让原料在油内浸炸酥透再上人,待油温上升时取出。

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[English]关于小便的6种委婉说法
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/1 8:47:27

关于小便的6种委婉说法 1. I‘m gonna a peed; 最闲散的说法 2.I‘m gonna take a leak; 放水,比较形象 3.I‘m gonna take a piss; 浇花,挺文雅 4.I‘m gonna hit the John;俚语 5.I‘m gonna Wee-wee;像声 6.answer for the nature's call;听上去和宗教有关。
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[English]英语中表示睡梦的专用语
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/1 8:45:18

英语中表示睡梦的专用语
    下次你再听到某人dead to the world,你就不用担心了!这句话的意思是他睡着了。英语(论坛)中有许多表示睡梦的专用语。那就看看这些有趣的表达方式希望可别让你睡着了喔! Sweet dreams
是指梦中充满蛋糕和糖果吗?不!这是用于希望某人晚上做个好梦的表达方式。人们常用来向他们的所爱的人道晚安: "Sweet dreams,my love!" Reoccurring nightmare
这些肯定不是美梦! Nightmares是恐怖的梦境。如果你一再做同样的恶梦,就叫做If reoccurring nightmare。 Hit the hay
当某人告诉你是该hit the hay的时候了,放轻松!这不是要你去谷仓或做任何体力活。在西方国家床垫以前是用草填充的-因此这只是意味着是该睡觉的时间。 Heavy/light sleeper
heavy sleepers是典型的又高又壮的人而light sleepers则是又小又瘦的人吗?当然不是!Heavy sleepers是指那些睡的很熟而不易唤醒的人。而light sleepers,正相反。就算最小的声音都能把他们吵醒。 Sleep like a log
想象一下段木头-又重又不容易移动。 如果有人sleeping like a log,那他们睡的非常的沉而没有什tossing and turning。例如,你可以说,"I'm so tired from all that exercise that I'll sleep like a log tonight!" Sleep in
如果有人说喜欢sleep in的话,那么最好早上不要太早打电话给他。这个表达方式指晚起的人。例如,"I sleep in every weekend and wake up around noon." Power nap
白天你会不会有时觉得非常的疲倦?如果是power nap可能你帮助你恢复!如果睡几个小时可能让你觉得睡意更浓时,短暂而不超过30分钟的power nap应该能让你感到重获新生。 Insomnia
有些人在哪儿都能睡着,而有些人在晚上怎么躺都睡不着。不容易睡着的人有insomnia 并且叫作insomniac。 Doze off
有时侯,当我们特别累的时候,我们不知不觉就可能睡着了。这叫做dozing off。可能你在看电视,念书甚至在课堂里或工作时就doze off!
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[修身养性]快来算算你是不是很无聊!
hjx_221 发表于 2011/6/1 8:44:24

快来算算你是不是很无聊!
    无聊倾向量表是由俄勒冈大学心理学家诺曼·D· 森德伯尔和俄勒冈州研究院的理查德·F· 法曼共同设计。做完28道题目之后,算算分数,你就知道你到底是一个无聊的人,还是一个正常的人啦~ Boredom Proneness Scale 无聊倾向量表 The statements can be answered using a 7-point format from "1" (highly disagree) , “2” (disagree), “3”(somewhat disagree), “4”(neither agree nor disagree), “5” (somewhat agree), “6”(agree) "7" (highly agree).
下面28个测量你的无聊程度的问题,大家可以根据对自身的判断来打分,1分:非常不同意;2分:不同意;3分:好像不太同意;4分:无所谓;5分:有点同意;6分:同意;7分:太对了!总分越高,说明越容易无聊。“正常”人群分数分布在81分到117分之间;得分高于135分的,是属于容易无聊的类型,低于63分,那也太亢奋了点。 1. It is easy for me to concentrate on my activities.
我很容易就能做到集中注意力。 2. Frequently when I am working I find myself worrying about other things.
我经常在工作的时候担忧其他事情。 3. Time always seems to be passing slowly.
时间总是过得很慢。 4. I often find myself at "loose ends", not knowing what to do.
经常觉得自己很闲,但又不知道该做什么好。 5. I am often trapped in situations where I have to do meaningless things.
我经常不得不做一些毫无意义的事情。 6. Having to look at someone's home movies or travel slides bores me tremendously.
看别人的家庭电影或者旅行幻灯片时会觉得超没意思。 7. I have projects in mind all the time, things to do.
脑子里经常有很多计划,有很多事情有待完成。 8. I find it easy to entertain myself.
很容易就能让自己开心。 9. Many things I have to do are repetitive and monotonous.
我做的大部分事情都是重复性很高的、很无聊的事。 10. It takes more stimulation to get me going than most people.
我需要比别人更多的动力和刺激才能开始行动。 11. I get a kick out of most things I d
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[幽你一默]人生,其实就是菜谱
hjx_221 发表于 2011/5/30 9:14:45

人生,其实就是菜谱 童年——菠萝烧肉:香甜可口,人见人爱,回味无穷,只不过当你想细细品味时,已经没有了。
上学——凉拌苦瓜丝:苦中带甜。当我端上桌时,朋友碍于面子,不得不吃几口,可当真正品出味道时,菜也见底了。
上班——油炸花生米:淡淡的香。只能一颗一颗地慢慢品尝,当你吃烦了,想换一道其他的耐吃的菜,结果换上来的其实只是水煮花生米。
金钱——红烧肉:异香扑鼻,肥而不腻。吃上去很过瘾,满嘴流油,但不宜吃多。适量即可,否则对身体不好,因此,并不是所有人的最爱。
机遇——水煮肉片:色香味俱全。只不过当你正在欣赏洋葱木耳辣椒的色彩时,好肉已经差不多被别人吃光了。
疾病——各种凉菜:每个人都或多或少地吃着,而就是在品味它们的时候,才能真正尝到什么叫酸甜苦辣。
初恋——醋溜白菜:最普通的蔬菜,但味道却很耐人寻味。但如果作料配放不合理,则味道变质,也许到最后也吃不完。
失恋——烈酒:辛辣,让人头晕目眩,即使睡上一觉,醒来依然感到隐隐地头痛。不过如果你身体够好的话,也许第二天就恢复了。
朋友——主食:菜肴再好,也没有主食实在,虽然味道不如菜肴,但却是你饥饿时,最需要的。
经验——油炸春卷:当你没有把握可以完全靠自己做好时,最好去买别人包好的现成的春卷,回去再自己炸好了。
特长——拔丝苹果:香甜焦脆,外观精美。刚上餐桌就成为大家瞩目的焦点,但如果长时间不翻动,以后就怎么也夹不起来了。
追求——麻辣豆腐:松软可口。趁热吃才有味道,不过“心急吃不了热豆腐”,否则不是辣到喉咙,就是被烫伤嘴。
处事——糖醋鲤鱼:耐人寻味,有酸有甜。但要仔细挑出鱼刺。如果一旦忘乎所以,刺哽在喉,后悔莫急。
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[English]给幸福一个机会
hjx_221 发表于 2011/5/28 9:33:02

给幸福一个机会

He and she were sitting face to face. At this moment, the landlord came in and asked, “Are you sure you do not rent the house any more?” He kept silent and she only shook her head. They were going to divorce, so it was obvious that they would not continue renting the house any more.
她和他默默地对坐着。房东进来问:“你们真的不租了吗?”他沉默不语,她摇了摇头,她和他就要离婚了,还需要租房吗?

Then the landlord began examining the house. After looking around, the landlord screamed, “Damn God! See how you have ruined my house? The walls are full of nails! How could I rent the house to others?”
房东开始验收房子,在房间里转了一圈后,突然尖叫起来:“你们把我家弄成什么样子了,墙上到处是铁钉,还让我怎么继续出租啊!”

He said, “The room is too small and can hardly accommodate all of our things. So we could only hang them on the walls.” The landlord did not listen to him and turned around up to the floor.
他不得不开口了:“房间太小了,东西多了放不下,只能挂在墙上。”房东不听他说,转身“噔噔噔”上了楼。

She began looking around her familiar room. Four years ago, she became his bride here. On the night of their marriage, he felt deeply guilty to her, saying, “I feel so sorry to you for having you live in this small room. In the future I will earn a lot of money to buy our own house.”
她打量着熟悉的家。四年前,她在这里做了他的新娘。新婚那晚,他对她充满了愧疚:“委屈你了,以后咱一定挣钱买大房子。”

The room was only 13 square meters with two nails on the wall next to the door, one for her to hang her bag and the other for hanging umbrellas. At that time, she threw all her stuff such as her bag and umbrella o
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[修身养性]以度处世
hjx_221 发表于 2011/5/27 13:59:02

以度处世     面对复杂的社会关系和瞬息万变的人情世故,许多人会感叹活得太累了。其实,我们在平常、平淡、平凡的生活中,只要保持一颗平常心态,淡薄名利,不计较个人得失,知足常乐,同样可以活得轻松自在,活出自我来,活出人生精彩来。
  我想我们不妨以度处世,一定会收到良好的处世为人的效果。
  45度做事。45度,这个角度,倾斜的,始终是上坡。45度做事,头要低下来,腰要躬下来,心要沉下来,夹着尾巴,用心去做。
  90度做人。90度是直角,就是要求我们做人公正无私,方方正正。45度,一半,很累的,要不用心做事情,能把事情做好吗?90度,要方正一点,要正派一点,叫站如松,坐如钟。
  180度为人。180度就是一个直线,要求我们为人坦然,直爽,不要遮遮掩掩,更不要虚伪、虚荣,要真诚、真心、真情为人。
  360度处事。360度是一个圆,就是代表圆满、完美、成功。要求我们做事要周到、细致,认认真真做好每一件事,坚持与人为善,处理好关系,最终达到一种完美的理想境界。
  世界上最宽广的是海洋,比海洋更宽阔的是天空,比天空更宽阔的是人的胸怀。胸怀宽广的人,乍逢喜事淡然不癫,突遇悲愁泰然不惊,对批评清风能感,对热血清风能化,对诽谤修足有情,对压抑兰香有怀,受到冤枉做清水淡饮,遇到嘲讽,笑当清风拂面。
  宽广的胸怀不是一个早上能修来的,它是知识、智慧、人格、品德、情操相结合的产物,它需要陶冶、磨砺、滋润和追求。
  度量以良好的思想品德为基础,以德为本,以德为基,以德立世,站得正,行得端,守住道德和灵魂,才能体味出度量的价值。
  度量是与人相处的亲和力,有容人的气度,与群众就没有距离,做干部的人威信才高。
  度量是思想道德建设的推动力,宽容大度是美好的道德表现,家庭美德、职业道德、社会公德都离不开度量。
  度量升华人格,提升价值,感化他人,唤起良知。世上多几分度量,社会就多几分祥和,少几分争斗。
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[小知识]不到五分钟 电脑病痛去无踪
hjx_221 发表于 2011/5/27 12:02:48

不到五分钟 电脑病痛去无踪
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[小知识]粽子的来历
hjx_221 发表于 2011/5/26 16:23:57

粽子的来历 
 
    公元前340年,爱国诗人、楚国大夫屈原,面临亡国之痛,于五月五日,悲愤地怀抱大石投汩罗江。为了不使鱼虾损伤他的躯体,人们纷纷把竹筒装米投入江中,引鱼虾来食。以后,为了表示对屈原的崇敬和怀念,每到这一天,人们便竹筒装米,投入祭奠,这就是我国最早的粽子--"筒粽"的由来。
    为什么后来又用艾叶或苇叶、荷叶包粽子呢?《初学记》中有这样的记载:汉代建武年间,长沙人晚间梦见一人,自称是三闾大夫(屈原的官名),对他说:"你们祭祀的东西,都被江中的蛟龙偷去了,以后可用艾叶包住,将五色丝线捆好,蛟龙最怕这两样东西。"于是,人们便以"菰叶裹黍",做成"角黍".世代相传,逐渐发展为我国端午节食品。     清代乾隆皇帝,端午节在宫中吃了九子粽后,龙颜大喜,赞不绝口,欣然赋诗一首:"四时花竟巧,九子粽争新。"九子粽:是粽子的一种,即为九只粽连成一串,有大有小,大的在上,小的在下,形状各异,非常好看。并且九种颜色的丝线扎成,形成五彩缤纷。九子粽大多是作为馈赠亲友的礼物,如母亲送给出嫁的女儿、婆婆送给新婚的礼物等,因为"粽子"谐音"中子",民间有吃了"粽子"能得儿子的风俗,故"九子粽"便是多子多福的象征。清代诗人吴曼云,也写有一首赞美九子粽的诗篇:"裹就连筒米宿春,九子彩缕扎重重,青菰褪尽云肤白,笑说厨娘藕复松。"
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[English]五招教你搞定专横老板
hjx_221 发表于 2011/5/26 13:26:37

五招教你搞定专横老板 1.Limit the pain, target the gain.Recognize that working for this person is "a temporary assignment. You can set limits on how long you'll tolerate it, and use the time to make yourself more marketable." Let's say you decide you can take one more year of this (assuming your boss sticks around that long). "If you figure out what you need to get out of the job to help your career, and go after it, you have a positive incentive to serve out that term," Dufour says.
1.限制痛苦,瞄准收益。却认为这个人工作只是“一项临时任务。你可以设定一个能够忍受这项任务的极限。并且,利用好这段时间,让自己将来更吃香。”比如说,你决定可以再忍受一年(假设你老板的任期有那么长)。杜福尔表示:“你需要从这份工作中收获什么,来为自己的职业发展提供帮助?如果你很清楚这点,那就去努力争取吧。既然你有积极的理由,那么你一定可以坚持到最后。” 2.Avoid surprises.Autocrats, even more than most people, "hate to be blindsided," Dufour notes. "Therefore, keep them informed of significant, and even relatively insignificant, developments. They crave control and power, so feeding them tidbits of information satisfies this craving."
2.不要“临时通知”。杜福尔指出,专横的老板,甚至大多数人,都不喜欢被“临时通知”。“因此,任何重大的,甚至相对不重要的进展,都要及时告诉他们。他们渴望控制与权力,既然如此,那就给他们一点信息,满足他们的渴望。” 3.Be the go-between for your team.If you haven't already taken on this role, Dufour recommends that you earn the trust of other members of your group and be the one who communicates their problems and needs to the boss. "This can be intimidating, since it means telling him things he might not want to hear," Dufour says, "but the tradeoff of elevated status is worth it."
3.为你的团队担任中间人的角色。如果你还没能做到这一点,杜福尔建议你,首先获得团队成员
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[English]婚姻关系破裂的最明确前兆
hjx_221 发表于 2011/5/24 7:37:51

婚姻关系破裂的最明确前兆

    据一份最新的调查显示,在婚姻关系中,女性要比男性更容易感到乏味无聊。这份研究报告还显示,对于这些已经步入婚姻殿堂的夫妻来说,夫妇的角色之间发生了微妙的变化,男性则更容易厌倦婚姻以外的伴侣。

Women are more likely to become bored in a marriage than men, according to a study.
据一份最新的调查显示,在婚姻关系中,女性要比男性更容易感到乏味无聊。

The research showed that while men are more likely to be bored with a partner outside of marriage, for those couples who had tied the knot the roles reversed.
这份研究报告还显示,对于这些已经步入婚姻殿堂的夫妻来说,夫妇的角色之间发生了微妙的变化,男性则更容易厌倦婚姻以外的伴侣。

For the study, 88 couples – including one who had been married for 36 years – were asked about their relationship.
该项研究访问了88对夫妻,其中还包括了一对已经结婚长达36年的夫妻,他们被询问了与自己婚姻状况所相关的方面。

The answers included nearly 70 varying descriptions of boredom.
他们的回答中有超过70种对于无聊乏味的不同表达方式。

A second group of people were then given a list of these descriptions and asked which ones they identified with in their own relationships.
研究者向第二组受访者展示了这些描述及表达方式,并且问他们在个人感情关系上是否有感同身受的体会。

A relationship being ‘dull’ was the most commonly picked answer, with lack of fun, lack of conversation and lack of romance also scoring highly.
“两人关系愈发的无趣”是出现频率最高的回答,同时诸如没意思了、缺乏沟通、不浪漫了也是常常非常频繁被提及的。

‘The relationship feels like a chore’ was also a popular pick.
“婚姻好像变成了一件苦差事”,有不少人这么说。

Some complained that the ‘butterflies’ they had once felt in their stomach had vanished, while others felt they were in their partner’s shadow.
有人抱怨曾经的激情已经消失不见,难以找回,同时也有感到自己一直生活在对方的阴影之下,

A third experiment show
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